September 12, 2023

Debit vs. Credit: Differences & Which Card Is Better for You

They say cash is king, but cards are much more convenient.

Whether physical or virtual, debit and credit cards let you take your money with you wherever you go. They’re easy to use and widely accepted, which makes them popular choices for everyday purchases. Both cards are indispensable tools for managing your finances, too.

In fact, more than 75 percent of Americans have at least one credit card, and more than 80 percent have a debit card.

However, not all plastic spends the same. There are significant credit card and debit card differences—differences you must understand to make the best financial choices. We’ll compare debit versus credit and highlight the pros and cons, empowering you to navigate the world of electronic payments.

What is a credit card?

Simply put, credit cards allow cardholders to borrow funds from a credit issuer, typically a bank or a financial institution.

Here’s an example. If you swipe your credit card at a gas station, you’re borrowing money from a specific financial institution to pay for your tank of gas. The cost of the purchase will show up in your monthly statement.

Credit cards operate on a revolving credit system, providing users with a pre-approved credit limit. This means you can only spend a certain amount each month. Your monthly statement shows your spending and transaction history. Most importantly, it details the amount you owe, the minimum payment required to keep your account in good standing, and the date your payment is due.

Be warned: Although minimum payments satisfy your obligation until the next statement cycle, you must pay the full balance before the due date to avoid being charged interest. In other words, paying your entire balance each month saves you money.

Also, unpaid balances accrue interest, expressed as an annual percentage rate (APR). In everyday terms, interest is additional money you must pay to a lender for the privilege of paying them back over time. Credit card interest rates can vary widely.

Having seen an advertisement or two, you’re probably aware credit cards come in various types, catering to different lifestyles and spending habits.

Standard credit cards offer predetermined credit limits. Rewards cards provide benefits, like cash back or travel points. Balance transfer cards allow users to move balances from one card to another, often with lower interest rates for an introductory period.

What is a debit card, and how is it different?

A debit card is a payment card linked directly to a checking account or a prepaid account, letting the cardholder access funds electronically to make purchases or withdraw cash from ATMs.

When a purchase is made using a debit card, the amount is immediately deducted (aka debited) from the available balance in the associated account. So, unlike credit cards, debit cards do not involve borrowing money. Instead, they facilitate spending the cardholder's own funds. This is the crucial distinction between credit and debit cards.

Debit cards make it easy to manage your daily expenses without carrying cash. They’re widely accepted at stores and service providers, whether you’re at the grocery store or a car repair shop. Debit cards can be used for online purchases, too, whether you’re browsing on Amazon or booking a flight on an airline website.

Like credit cards, some debit cards offer rewards programs or cash back incentives for qualifying purchases, making them attractive for those seeking additional benefits.

There are two main types of debit cards: PIN-based debit cards and signature-based debit cards.

PIN-based transactions require the cardholder to enter a personal identification number (PIN) at the point of sale, adding an extra layer of security. On the other hand, signature-based transactions require the cardholder's signature to complete the purchase.

Overall, debit cards offer a straightforward and efficient way to access funds for daily expenses and purchases while avoiding the debt and interest charges commonly associated with credit cards.

Credit card pros and cons

Credit cards offer several advantages, like:

1.Flexible spending: Credit cards provide the flexibility to make purchases without immediate cash payment—convenient for emergencies and larger expenses.

2.Building credit history: Responsible credit card usage can help individuals establish and build a positive credit history, which can be essential for future financial endeavors, such as obtaining car loans or mortgages.

3.Rewards and perks: Many credit cards offer rewards programs, cash back incentives, or travel benefits, providing extra value for frequent users who pay off their balances in full each month.

However, credit cards also come with potential drawbacks, including these:

1.Debt accumulation: The ease of credit card spending can lead to overspending, debt accumulation, and significant interest charges if balances are not paid in full each month.

2.Interest charges: Unpaid balances carry interest charges, and the APR for credit cards can be significantly higher than other forms of borrowing.

3.Fees and penalties: Credit cards may have annual fees, late payment fees, or penalty APRs, impacting cardholders who miss payments or exceed their credit limits.

Debit card pros and cons

Debit cards offer their own set of pros, including the following:

1.No debt accumulation: Debit cards use the available funds in a checking or prepaid account, so you’re not running up debt or incurring interest charges.

2.Budgeting: Debit cards encourage responsible spending because transactions are directly debited from the cardholder's own money. This helps you stick to a budget and avoid overspending.

3.Widespread acceptance: Debit cards are widely accepted, providing convenient access to funds for everyday purchases and ATM withdrawals.

On the other hand, debit cards have some limitations:

1.Limited fraud protection: Although debit cards have some fraud protection, they may offer less robust safeguards than credit cards.

2.No credit building: Debit card usage does not contribute to building credit history or improving your credit score, as it does not involve borrowing money.

3.Potential overdraft fees: If the linked account has insufficient funds, your bank may charge overdraft fees, impacting cardholders who mistakenly exceed their available balance.

Is it better to use credit or debit cards?

The best choice depends on your discipline level, credit needs, and long-term financial goals.

Credit cards are ideal for those who require flexibility, want to access rewards associated with certain cards, or seek to build credit history. They can be suitable for emergencies, travel, and earning rewards on qualifying purchases. However, you must be mindful of avoiding or managing debt, as well as the resulting charges, if you don’t pay your balance in full monthly.

Debit cards are well-suited for budget-conscious individuals who prioritize spending control and avoiding debt. They offer straightforward access to funds and are especially beneficial for those seeking to manage day-to-day expenses within their available balance.

The better way to manage your money

When it comes to your finances, EarnIn can help you on your way, starting today.

EarnIn is a first-of-its-kind financial hub that gives on-demand access to earnings. With the power of a paycheck, EarnIn empowers anyone to use the money they’ve earned whenever they want or need. There are no credit checks, interest rates, or mandatory fees.

Download EarnIn's app for iOS or Android now, and take charge of your financial journey!

Disclaimer: Please note, the material collected in this post is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be relied upon as or construed as advice regarding any specific circumstances. Nor is it an endorsement of any organization or services.

EarnIn is a financial technology company, not a bank. Bank products are issued by Evolve Bank & Trust, Member FDIC. The EarnIn Card is issued pursuant to a license from Visa USA Inc.

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